Yoga as an integrated form of exercise may have a profound and positive effect in reduced symptoms and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome(IBS), epidemiological studies suggested.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disease affecting the large intestine., including symptoms of cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea or constipation.
Yoga, the ancient technique for harmonized external and internal body well beings, through breath control, meditation, bodily movement and gesture… has been well known for people in Western world and some parts in Asia due to health benefits reported by various respectable institutes’ research and supported by health advocates.
In a randomized controlled trials to compare the efficacy of yoga with usual care, nonpharmacologic, or pharmacologic interventions for patients with IBS through reviewing literature published on databases of MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, CAM-QUEST, CAMbase, and IndMED up to November 2015, after selected studies satisfied the criteria and guidelines, researcher filed the following results
1. Yoga participants expressed a significantly beneficial effect over conventional treatment in IBS,
2. Yoga intervention demonstrated a significantly decreased bowel symptoms, IBS severity, and anxiety.
3. Yoga group displayed an improved quality of life and physical functioning in compared to other treatment groups.
4. Yoga group also showed a little or no adverse effects in the selected studies
Dr. Schumann D, the led authors said, ” The findings of this systematic review suggest that yoga might be a feasible and safe adjunctive treatment for people with IBS”. However, after taking into account of other con founders, he continued, “no recommendation can be made regarding yoga as a routine intervention for patients with IBS because of major flaws in study methods”.
Further analysis into the study of total of 51 participants of adolescents (14-17 years) randomly assigned to a standardized 6-week twice weekly Iyengar yoga group-based program or a wait-list usual care control group, conducted by the University of California, scientists filed the results as follow
1. Yoga group showed a significant improvement of improved physical functioning
2. I compared to control, yoga participants also reported significantly improved IBS symptoms, global improvement, disability, psychological distress, sleep quality, and fatigue
3. 46% of YA reported a minimally clinically significant reduction in pain
4. At the end of the intervention, YA group in postlesson also reported a reduction of worst pain, constipation, and nausea.
After taking into account of other confounders, Dr. Evans S, the led author indicated, “The findings suggest that a brief IY intervention is a feasible and safe adjunctive treatment for young people with IBS, leading to benefits in a number of IBS-specific and general functioning domains for YA” and “yoga interventions may be most fruitful when developmentally tailored”.
Further studied illustration of 35 adult participants meeting ROME III criteria for IBS enrolled, 27 of the 35 participants (77%) completed treatment and pre- and post-treatment visits (89% women, 11% men; M (SD) age = 36 (13)), and 20 of the 27 (74%) randomly assigned to 16 biweekly group sessions of Iyengar yoga or a walking program and 6-month follow-up, found that:
1. Yoga group showed an improvement from pre- to post-treatment when compared to control
2. Yoga group from pre- to post-treatment, also demonstrated significant decreases in IBS severity measures, visceral sensitivity and severity of somatic symptoms in compared to walking group.
At 6 months followup, researcher said, “overall GI symptoms for walking continued to significantly decline, while for yoga, GI symptoms rebounded toward baseline levels”.
The finding evidences suggested that yoga may be used as an adjunct intervention in assistance of standard therapy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).